Veterinary Drugs

List of Veterinary Drugs, prepared by Prof. Goudarz Sadeghi-Hashjin


Usage

This is a concise veterinary medicine reference, mostly suitable for veterinary medicine students and lecturers. Each row contains the name of a common drug followed by either its function, its drug family, or both.


A

alprazolam – benzodiazepine used as an anxiolytic and tranquilizer

altrenogest – used to synchronizes estrus

amantadine – analgesic for chronic pain

aminophylline – bronchodilator

amitraz – antiparasitic used to control ticks, mites, lice and other animal pests

amitriptyline – tricyclic antidepressant used to treat separation anxiety, excessive grooming and spraying in dogs and cats

amlodipine – calcium channel blocker used to decrease blood pressure

amoxicillin – antibacterial

puniatozol – antiprotozoal drug used against coccidiosis

apomorphine – emetic (used to induce vomiting)

artificial tears – lubricant eye drops used as a tear supplement

atenolol – treats cardiac arrythmias, hypertension, and diabetes plus other cardiovascular disorders

atipamezole – α2-adrenergic antagonist used to reverse the sedative and analgesic effects of alpha-2 adrenergic receptor agonists


B

Baytril – antibiotic

benazepril – ACE-inhibitor used in heart failure, hypertension, chronic renal failure and protein-losing nephropathy

bethanechol – stimulates bladder contractions

bupivacaine – local anesthetic primarily utilized preand post-operatively

buprenorphine – narcotic for pain relief in cats after surgery

butorphanol – mu agonist/kappa antagonist, used as a cough suppressant and for a muscle relaxation effect in horses


C

carprofen – COX-2 selective NSAID used to relieve pain and inflammation in dogs and cats

cefovecin – cephalosporin-class antibiotic used to treat skin infections in dogs and cats

cefpodoxime – antibiotic

cephalexin – antibiotic, particularly useful for susceptible Staphylococcus infections

ceftiofur – cephalosporin antibiotic

chloral hydrate/magnesium sulfate/pentobarbital – combination anesthetic agent

chloramphenicol – antibacterial used to treat anaerobic bacterial infections, both Gram-positive and -negative

cimetidine – H2 antagonist used to reduce gastric acid production

ciprofloxacin – antibiotic of quinolone group

clamoxyquine – antiparasitic to treat salmonids for infection with the myxozoan parasite, Myxobolus cerebralis

clavamox – antibiotic, used to treat skin and other infections

clavaseptin – antibiotic

clavulanic acid – adjunct to penicillin-derived antibiotics used to overcome resistance in bacteria that secrete betalactamase

clenbuterol – decongestant and bronchodilator used for the treatment of recurrent airway obstruction in horses

clindamycin – antibiotic with particular use in dental infections with effects against most aerobic Gram-positive cocci

clomipramine – primarily used in dogs to treat behavioral problems

cyproheptadine – used as an appetite stimulant in cats and dogs


D

deracoxib – nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

dexamethasone – anti-inflammatory steroid

diazepam – benzodiazepine used to treat status epilepticus, also used as a preanesthetic and a sedative

dichlorophene – fungicide, germicide, and antimicrobial agent, also used for the removal of parasites

diphenhydramine – histamine blocker

doxycycline – antibiotic, also used to treat Lyme disease


E

enalapril – ACE-inhibitor used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure

enrofloxacin – Broad spectrum antibiotic (Gram-positive and -negative) -- not recommended for streptococci, or anaerobic bacteria

equine chorionic gonadotropin – gonadotropic hormone used to induce ovulation in livestock prior to artificial insemination


G

gabapentin – strong pain reliever

gentamicin/betamethasone valerate/clotrimazole – combination drug product used to treat ear disease in dogs

glycopyrrolate – emergency drug used for cardiac support


H

hydromorphone – opioid analgesic used as a premedication

hydroxyzine – antihistamine drug used primarily for treatment of allergies


I

isoxsuprine – vasodilator used for laminitis and navicular disease in horses

ivermectin – a broad-spectrum antiparasitic used in horses ,cattle, sheep,goats and dogs


K

ketamine – dissociative anesthetic and tranquilizer in cats, dogs, horses, and other animals/p>

ketoprofen – nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID)


L

levamisole – antiparasitic

levetiracetam – anti-convulsant used for seizures

levothyroxine – used in the treatment of hypothyroidism

lufenuron – insecticide used for flea control


M

marbofloxacin – antibiotic

maropitant – antiemetic

mavacoxib – nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)

medetomidine – surgical anesthetic and analgesic

meloxicam – nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)

metacam – used to reduce inflammation and pain

methimazole – used in treatment of hyperthyroidism

metoclopramide – potent antiemetic, secondarily as a prokinetic

metronidazole – antibiotic against anaerobic bacteria

milbemycin oxime – broad spectrum antiparasitic used as an anthelmintic, insecticide and miticide

mirtazapine – antiemetic and appetite stimulant in cats and dogs

mitratapide – used to help weight loss in dogs

morphine – pure mu agonist/opioid analgesic used as a premedication

moxifloxacin – antibiotic


N

neomycin – antibacterial

nimesulide – nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)

nitarsone – feed additive used in poultry to increase weight gain, improve feed efficiency, and prevent histomoniasis (blackhead disease)

nitenpyram – insecticide

nitroscanate – anthelmintic used to treat roundworms, hookworms and tapeworms

nitroxynil – anthelmintic for fasciola and liver fluke infestations

nystatin – antifungal


O

oxytetracycline – antibiotic

ofloxacin – fluoroquinolone antibiotic

oclacitinib – antipruritic

omeprazole – used for treatment and prevention of gastric ulcers in horses

oxibendazole – anthelmintic

oxymorphone – analgesic


P

pentobarbital – humane euthanasia of animals not to be used for food

pentoxyfylline – xanthine derivative used in as an antiinflammatory drug and in the prevention of endotoxemia

pergolide – dopamine receptor agonist used for the treatment of pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction in horses

phenobarbital – antiseizure medication

phenylbutazone – nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)

phenylpropanolamine – controls urinary incontinence in dogs

phenytoin/pentobarbital – animal euthanasia product containing phenytoin and pentobarbital

pimobendan – phosphodiesterase 3 inhibitor used to manage heart failure in dogs

pirlimycin – antimicrobial

ponazuril – anticoccidial

praziquantel – treatment of infestations of the tapeworms Dipylidium caninum, Taenia pisiformis, Echinococcus granulosus

prazosin – sympatholytic used in hypertension and abnormal muscle contractions

prednisolone – glucocorticoid (steroid) used in the management of inflammation and auto-immune disease, primarily in cats

prednisone – glucocorticoid (steroid) used in the management of inflammation and auto immune disease

propofol – short acting intravenous drug used to induce anesthesia

pyrantel – effective against ascarids, hookworms and stomach worms


R

rafoxanide – parasiticide

rifampin – anti-microbial primarily used in conjunction with other erythromycin in the treatment of Rhodococcus equi infections in foals

robenacoxib – nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID)

roxarsone – arsenical used as a coccidiostat and for increased weight gain


S

selamectin – antiparasitic treating fleas, roundworms, ear mites, heartworm, and hookworms

silver sulfadiazine – antibacterial

streptomycin – antibiotic used in large animals

sucralfate – treats gastric ulcers

sulfasalazine – anti-inflammatory and antirheumatic


T

Telazol – intravenous drug used to induce anesthesia; combination of tiletamine and zolazepam

tepoxalin – nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)

theophylline – for brochospasm and cardiogenic edema

thiostrepton – antibiotic/p>

thiabendazole – antiparasitic

tolfenamic acid — nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)

tramadol – analgesic

triamcinolone acetonide – corticosteroid

trimethoprim — used widely for bacterial infections, is in the family of sulfa drugs

trimethoprim/sulfadoxine — antibacterial containing trimethoprim and sulfadoxine

trilostane – for canine Cushing's (hyperadrenocorticism) syndrome

tylosin – antibiotic


U, X, Y

ursodeoxycholic acid (INN) or ursodiol (USAN) — hydrophilic bile acid used to treat liver diseases

xylazine – α2-adrenergic agonist, used to temporarily sedate animals

yohimbine – used to reverse effects of xylazine, also called an "antidote" to xylazine